Indonesian government confirms that any ships crossing the Traffic Seperation Scheme (TSS) in Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait are free of charge.
The confirmation conveyed by Hengki Angkasawan, Director of Navigation Directorate General of Sea Transportation Ministry of Transportation, Saturday (20 June).
He explained, rights for ships conducting navigation or international shipping across the Indonesian archipelago sea area, especially on ALKI route, are regulated in international law and national legislation.
These provisions are regulated in International Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and Government Regulation Number 37 of 2002 concerning Rights and Obligations of Foreign Vessels and Aircraft in Executing Right of Islands Archipelagic Marine Pathways through Specified Islands Sea Pathways.
"Vessels exercising the right of archipelagic sea lane crossing must pass as quickly as possible without stopping, and must not be obstructed by coastal states. Furthermore, UNCLOS also regulated that foreign vessels crossing seas within a country's territory may not be charged fees for crossings said," Hengki said.
According to him, UNCLOS also stipulated that fees can only be charged on foreign ships that cross the territorial sea as payment for certain services provided to him.
Certain services include voluntary pilotage service (VPS), crew exchange services, bunkering of fuel and clean water, provision stores and garbage management, as well as underwater maintenance and repair.
"These costs are of course charged based on statutory regulations. The amount is also stipulated in the regulation of Non-Tax State Revenues (PNBP) and costs like this will be charged to all ships receiving services without discrimination," Hengki stressed.
Principally, regulation of sea lanes by the presence of TSS in Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait is solely for improving safety and security of shipping as well as protecting maritime environment in both straits that are fairly dense.
He considered, related to the discourse of maritime service development the Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait still needs to be studied further, both in terms of business, spatial planning, shipping safety and security.
As is known, TSS in Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait was immediately implemented starting on July 1, 2020. This made Indonesia the first archipelagic country in the world to have a TSS through endorsement by International Maritime Organization (IMO) within the ALKI (Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel) ) I and ALKI II.
This is an achievement of Indonesia especially the Ministry of Transportation which has struggled to propose TSS proposals in Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait for more than 2 years to be accepted by IMO member countries. (hlz/hlz)