After producing Green Diesel (D-100) through 100% palm oil processing successfully, PT Pertamina (Persero) is now ready to produce other green energy, such as green gasoline and green avtur, from domestic refineries in the coming years.
Pertamina President Director Nicke Widyawati explained, Pertamina has the duty and important role to carrying out mandate from the government to maintain national energy security. For this reason, Pertamina continues to strive to bring innovations that can have a wide impact for the nation.
This step is in line with President Joko Widodo’s direction who stresses the importance of producing biofuel by utilizing domestic natural resources to build national energy security, independence and sovereignty.
"Pertamina expresses its gratitude for the support from our government and all parties so that Pertamina continues to develop green energy such as B30 and B50 and D-100. Pertamina has completed preparation of the red and white refinery and catalyst, which will be followed by an economic study," Nicke said, when visiting the RBDPO processing facility at Dumai Refinery, Riau, Wednesday (7/15).
During the visit, Deputy Director of PT Pertamina International Refinery Budi Santoso Syarif said, in addition to green diesel, Pertamina is currently developing other oil-based biofuel, namely Green Gasoline and Green Avtur.
"For Green Gasoline, Pertamina has conducted trials since 2018, 2019 and 2020 in Plaju and Cilacap Refineries. However, the trial was only able to process RBDPO palm oil by 20%. While the trial to process palm oil into Green Avtur will be conducted at the end of 2020 also at Cilacap Refinery," he added.
Although the Green Gasoline trial by Pertamina has only been able to process palm oil by 20%, Budi claimed it is the first in the world, considering that processing palm oil into green gasoline has never been done on an operational scale.
"Processing palm oil into green diesel has also been carried out by several other companies in the world, but processing palm oil into green gasoline has never been done in the world. Pertamina is the first because so far it is still limited to a laboratory scale for research," Budi continued.
Besides Dumai, Pertamina will build a standalone biorefinery in Cilacap with a capacity of 6,000 barrels per day and standalone biorefinery in Plaju with a capacity of 20,000 barrels per day. Both standalone biorefinery will one day be able to produce Green Diesel and Green Avtur with 100% vegetable oil as raw material.
The challenges ahead, Budi said, Pertamina would not only develop green energy from CPO or palm oil, but also from other resources such as algae, wheat, sorghum and so on. Pertamina will continue to utilize all domestic natural resources to support national energy independence and sovereignty.
At present, Budi emphasized, Pertamina continues to strive to optimize the existing resources in Indonesia by optimizing the sizeable domestic market.
Processing palm oil into fuel has a very high local content or TKDN (Tingkat Kandungan Dalam Negeri) and has the potential to reduce country's transaction deficit. Because, palm oil is a domestic raw material whose transactions are carried out in rupiah currency, so that it will have a positive impact on national economic growth.
For information, Pertamina has used FAME for the biodiesel program since 2006. Until 2017 or for 11 years, FAME absorption reached 9.2 million KL.
In 2018, Pertamina implemented B20 Program in which FAME absorption of 3.2 million KL was mixed in 69 locations. Through B30 Program, in 2019 FAME absorption will increase sharply by 5.5 million KL and by 2020 it is targeted to increase to 8.38 million KL.
The implementation of B20 and B30 programs in 2019 has saved country's foreign exchange by Rp 43.8 trillion and in 2020 Pertamina is targeting foreign exchange savings of Rp 63.4 trillion with a workforce absorption of 1.2 million people."Over time there is a trend of shifting to use of fuels, which was originally fossil fuels slowly shifted to renewable fuels. The pattern of meeting national energy has also changed from previously relying on foreign supply into domestic supply. For this reason, we must continue to work to maximize the empowerment and management of local resources that we have," Budi concluded. (hlz/hlz)